Assam is one of the 7 north-eastern states (together known as ‘seven sisters’), that is just below the eastern Himalayan foothills, and is encircled by the remaining Sister states – Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur – and another state West Bengal. Moreover, the countries Bangladesh and Bhutan share the international borders with this state. The state is enclosed by land. The states of Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram lie in the south and Meghalaya lies to the south-west. Bangladesh and West Bengal are to its west. The capital of the state is Dispur, that is in Guwahati. The state of Assam spreads over an area of 78,438 sq.kms.
It is the land of captivating aesthetic beauty with pastures, tea gardens, lush green hills, river plains and wilderness all round. Assam is dominated by the Brahmaputra River that originates from Tibet. It’s a land of unknown opportunities, gifted with rich natural resources.The mother tongue of the people of Assam is Assamese however surprisingly Assam is a multi- ethnic society. Assam is known for one horned rhinoceros and tea plantations. Assam is notable for petroleum production and Assamese golden silk called muga that is made solely in Assam.Since the state is traditionally rich in handicrafts, shopping in Assam is a pleasant experience. Wide range of handicrafts and handloom products are available in Assam. Assam is a lovely state, totally different from the other states of India. Assam’s rich art and culture,cuisine and colorful fairs and festivals will surely leave you enchanted.
Travel to Assam for enticing songs and dances, world notable tea, old myths, various colourful tribes and last but not the least important – rare species of one horned Rhinoceros.It is a Biodiversity heaven of India. The trumpets of playful elephants, roars of tigers, barking of deer, bellow of stag, used to be the music of the nature that step by step is giving way to the cacophony of the rising biotic pressure. Additionally exotic aroma of a cup of Assam Tea and loving people would create your visit to Assam a cherished memory.
The wildlife sanctuaries are a heterogeneous mixture of a range of landscapes, plants, birds and animals. The geographical location, large forest reserves and climate have made Assam a good destination for birds, animals and natural vegetation. Assam is home to many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries that are the breeding ground for few of the rarest world species. The many wildlife sanctuaries in Assam give shelter to sizable amount of wildlife right from the horned rhinoceros to the Golden Langur.
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is the oldest park in assam, lies partly in Nagaon District of Assam and partly in Golaghat District of Assam. It covers a region of 430 Sq kms on Karbi Anglong hills on the South and the river Brahmaputra on the North. The National Highway thirty seven passes through the park space and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes. One will even see the rhinos and wild elephants near the highway. Kaziranga National Park a world heritage site is known for the Great Indian one horned rhinoceros as well as several mammals as well as tigers, elephants, panthers and bears, and thousands of birds. The landscape of Kaziranga is of tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, sheer forest, marshes & shallow pools. Tourists can take rides on elephants to maneuver round the park or cruise in a boat on the Brahmaputra river on the park.
Manas National Park
The Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a Natural World Heritage Site as declared by the UNESCO, in the foothills of Himalaya in the state of Assam.This national park, an abode of vulnerable and rare wildlife, is predominantly notable for its Tiger and Elephant Reserve.This park is contiguous with the neighbouring country Bhutan’s Royal Manas National Park. Passing through the middle of the park is the Manas River, a major tributary of the Brahmaputra River. Endemic wildlife species like the Golden Langur, Pygmy Hog, Hispid Hare and Assam Roofed Turtle together with an enormous population of Wild Water Buffaloes, are other attractions of the park that is rich in flora and fauna.
Kamakhya temple is found on the Nilachal hill in Guwahati 8 kms from the railway station is a notable pilgrimage in Assam. The Kamakhya temple is devoted to the tantric goddesses. Except from the deity Kamakhya Devi, compound of the temple homes 10 other avatars of Kali particularly Bagola, Tara, Kamala, Bhairavi, Chinnamasta,Dhumavati, Matangi, Chinnamasta, Bhuvaneshwari and Tripuara Sundari.
Haflong is a spectacular hill station of Assam, 85 km to the north of Silchar and 345 km from Guwahati at an altitude of 680 m higher than the sea level. It is the district headquarters of North Cachar Hills, one of the 23 districts of Assam. Haflong is a land of nature manifested in its true spirit. It has different types of fruits and flowers with greenery all around. The city is awesome with its unique orchids, azure blue hills and green bright rivers. The hills of Haflong acknowledged for over 2 lakh styles of flowers found there. The hill station provides large scope for hiking, gliding and para gliding . Several ethnic groups, including Hmars, Nagas, Karbis, Khelmas, Dimasas and Mizos, belonging to totally different religions inhabit the place, showing its beauty of diversity.
Tourist Attractions in & Around Haflong
Haflong Lake is one of the largest water bodies of Assam and is found at the heart of the hill station. The lake offers a range of leisure activities. Haflong is known for its scenic beauty comprising blue hills, green river, distinctive orchids and rare species of birds. It’s called as land of blue hills. Haflong is known for largely growing pineapples and oranges. Haflong is famous for a lovely lakeside resort developed in the green hills round the city. Jatinga village, another notable traveler spot, is hardly 9 km from this lake.
Jatinga, notable for the mysterious migratory birds, is found hardly 20 km to the south of Haflong and therefore, can be covered as a short excursion from here. Jatinga is covered with Blue Vandas Orchids. It is well known mysterious place where hundreds of birds commit suicide each year, between August and November. One can also see the attractive sunrise from the Hempeopet peak in Jatinga.
Maibong was the traditional capital of the Dimasa Kachari Kingdom, that existed from mid-sixteenth to mid-eighteenth century. The place is found at a distance of about 45 km from Haflong and retains the ruins of the kingdom even today. It additionally boasts of 12th century monolithic Ramchandi Temple of Kachari Kings. The Mahur River also flows by Maibong, that is a great tourist attraction.
The historic city of Sibsagar allures lots of travelers every year, both for leisure and sightseeing purposes . The city has been connected to royalty for over 500 years, because it was once the capital of the Ahom rulers of Assam. Rising round the large129-acre artificial tank, known as Sibsagar Lake, are the palaces, temples and archeological remains of the Ahom Dynasty, now preserved as national protected sites. Variety of Buddhist and Sakta shrines, Muslim Dargahsold and Satras of the Vaishnavite culture are found around Sibsagar. Moreover, 500 tanks, palaces, forts and vaults of the Ahoms, Jaintia Shan, Kachari kings and Manipuris are found in and round the city. Given below is a list of the major travel places of the region.
Talatal Ghar and Kareng Ghar
History has it that Rangpur, one of the previous capitals of the Ahom Kingdom, was founded by the Ahom ruler of the 17th century Swargeo Rudra Singha. He then made a palace in the town, from wood and such other locally accessible materials. Later, his successor Rajeswara Singha added additional stories to the palace, creating it a seven-storied structure. The upper four stories are known as Kareng Ghar and the three underground floors are collectively known as Talatal Ghar. Even today, the palace stands proud and tall in the Sibsagar district of Assam. This ancient palace serves as a great attraction among tourists and researchers from each corner of the world, mainly for its magnificent architectural patterns and structure.Tourists and visitors can only view the ground floor and certain sections of the top floors. The underground stories are fully sealed.
Joysagar tank is the largest man-made tank in the world. It’s a complete space of 318 acres including the four banks. Joysagar tank is at a distance of around 5 km south of the current Sivasagar city. It is stated that Joysagar tank is the biggest artificial lake in Asia. It was excavated by Tai-Ahom King Rudra Singha to commemorate his mother’s name Joymati wife of Gadapani later King Gadadhar Singha. There are 3 lovely temples on its bank.
Gaurisagar Tank is a major traveler destination in Assam, situated at a distance of about 12 km from the middle of the Sibsagar city. Designed about 200 years ago, the tanks and the three temples built on its bank are dedicated to the goddess of power – Goddess Durga and her several forms. This eighteenth century tank, together with its 3 temples, was made by the erstwhile queen of the Ahom Kingdom, Rani Phuleswari Devi. The queen was an avid worshipper of the Sakta Hinduism and even tried to create Saktism the state religion of Assam.
A little distance towards the North-east from this royal palace and Assam-Trunk Road stands another imposing two-storied building. This is Rangghar, the royal sports-pavilion of Ahom kings that was made during the reign of Swargadeo Prmafta Singha in 1746. What’s exceptional about this monument is that it happened to be a novel structure designed for this specific purpose not solely in India but in entire Asia at that point.
The biggest river island in the world, Majuli is found on the river Brahmaputra in Assam and is created by Brahmaputra in the south and the Kherkutia Xuti joined by the river Subansiri in the north. it is home to several migratory birds. Situated 1100 km off from the mouth of the Brahmaputra river, Majuli had an area of 1256 sq km but due to soil erosion in 1991, it has now reduced to 875 sq km. Majuli is the cultural capital of the Assamese civilization from the sixteenth century and its main village, Naghmar, hosts all the vital events, festivals and prayers. there are twenty two Vaishnava Satras in the town that attract a lots of tourists. The Majuli festivals are another crowd puller. The Raas Purnima, that takes place in the Hindu month Kartik showcases a dance performance on Lord Krishna’s life and the Majuli festival throughout that special events are organized, sees many cultural troupes from everywhere Assam come to the city. The Paal Naam at the end of Autumn and the Bathow Puja where Lord Shiva is worshipped are other exciting festival.
Hajo is a small district in Kamrup district, thirty two kms west of Guwahati. Located on the banks of the Brahmaputra, it is a place of pilgrimage for Hindus, BuddhistS, Christians and Muslims alike. It was a great centre of culture and learning . It served as a camp of the muslims throughout the invasions of Assam and was enclosed in the Koc king- dom. There are two temples at Hajo, the Kedaresvara temple and the Haya-griva Madhava temple, of that the temple of Hayagriva Madhava figures more prominently in the religious history of Assam. The presence of this temple attests to the prevalence of Vaisnavism in Kamarupa.There is a superb bus service to Hajo from Gauhati. There aren’t any good hotels or rest-house at Hajo and thus the traveller has to halt at Gauhati itself.
Agnigarh is one of the most vital tourist destinations of Tezpur. A circular stairway results to the peak of the hill and offers a decent trekking possibility. In fact, people usually come here for picnic or just to relish the scenes and sights. There is a famous story behind this place. This notable mythological place is connected with the romance of Prince Aniruddha and Princess Usha. Aniruddha was the grandchild of Lord Krishna and Usha was the daughter of Banasura, the notable Asura king and prime devotee of Lord Shiva. It is believed that Agnigarh is the very place where a fortress was designed by the Asura king, to keep his daughter in isolation.
The bus service in the state moreover in the neighbouring states is managed by Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC). The government had expressed the service for the people of the state. Initially, around four buses ran between Nagaon and Guwahati. Eventually, the network improved and ASTC had good connectivity. North east’s only international airport is Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in Guwahati. Currently, only seven airlines are operative. One can get nonstop flights from the airport to twelve cities. On an average, a minimum of fourteen international and 315 domestic flights depart each week from the airport.
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