Arunachal Pradesh is one of the twenty-nine states of India, thinly inhabited hilly tract lying on the north-east extremity of India comprising roughly 83,573 square kilometers. Also called ‘Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains’ is the first Indian soil to greet the morning sun. The Pradesh is known to be rich in power, flora, fauna and mineral potential. Previously this region was known as the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) and constituted a part of the state of Assam. On 20th February 1987, it became an independent state. It is bounded by Assam and Nagaland in the south and independent countries on the three sides. It shares its border with Tibet (China), Bhutan and Myanmar (Burma). A unique habitat with glaciers, an incredible array of flora and fauna, sub-tropical forests, high altitude meadows, all this and more strewn generously with sheen water bodies and gushing rivers.
India’s wildest and least explored state, Arunachal Pradesh emerges abruptly from the Assam plains as a mass of densely forested, and impossibly steep hills, that eventually top off as snow-capped peaks on the Tibetan border. Home to twenty six indigenous tribes, Arunachal is perhaps the last sanctuary for India’s natural and anthropological heritage. Arunachal is the habitat of the most splendid, variegated, bilingual tribal people of the globe. Its dense forests, snow clad peaks, soaring mountains and roaring rivers offers various opportunities for rafting, trekking, hiking and holidaying in a very serene atmosphere.
Arunachal Pradesh has many species of rare plants and more than five hundred fifty rare species of Orchids covering more than 60% of the total area. The wildlife is equally rich and varied, including Elephants, Tigers, Leopards, Jungle cats and White Gibbons, the Musk, Red Pandas and the Mithun (BOS FRONTALIS).
Itanagar has been the capital of Arunachal Pradesh since 20th April 1974. Itanagar is set at the foothills. The township is 350 metres higher than sea level. Itanagar can be called as mini India, as people from all over the country, live here in harmony. Here one can find historical fort known as Itafort, Dating back to the 14-15 centuries, after which it is named. There are many worth visiting places in and around Itanagar.These include Ganga Lake (Gyakar Sinyi). It’s a pretty picnic spot, 6 kms from Itanagar, a green forest lake surrounded by early vegetation, orchids masses on tall trees, tree ferns provides a small taste of the vast forests of the state. Consecrated by the Dalai Lama, the Buddhist temple, a beautiful yellow roofed shrine reflects the intensive Tibetan influence and provides good views of Itanagar and the close rural area. Jawaharlal Nehru State repository provides a kaleidoscope of Arunachal Pradesh and one can see wood carvings, handicrafts,musical instruments, textiles and archeological finds.
Tawang is situated at a distance of 183 kms from Bomdila at an altitude of 3500 metres higher than sea level. The natural beauty and solitude of Gudpi and Chong-Chugmi ranges, Tawang chu stream and Tawang valley are mesmerizing. There are many stunning grlacial lakes in and around Tawang with crystal blue waters like Sela lake, P.T.Tso lake, Sangetser lake, Banggachang lake and plenty more. These stay frozen in winter where in summer they become haven for migratory birds. The 400-year-old Tawang monastery isn’t only one among the oldest however it’s named one among the biggest Indian monasteries.
Bomdila is in the West of Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, on the ranges of the eastern Himalayas. The scenic beauty of Bomdila attracts tourists to spend their holidays here. This town is additionally known for its apple orchards and Buddhist monasteries. Adventure and Nature and lovers visit this place to explore the trekking trails. Bomdila offers its guests the mesmerizing view of Buddhist monasteries known as Gompas and Kameng Valley. Nechipu Pass, Gorichan peaks and Kangto are oftenly visited by the tourists.
Ziro is a quaint old town in Arunachal Pradesh, home to the Apa Tani tribe and known for its rice fields and pine hiis. Ziro offers number of the best attractions in Arunachal Pradesh and declared as a World Heritage Site. Tourists will witness the paddy (rice) cum fish culture throghout the agriculture season, that is the practice of rearing fish in the rice fields. One can see the entire Ziro valley through the Ziro Putu that is a hillock. It a scenic view point from where the airstrip in Ziro is also visible. Tourists keen on trekking can explore the Talle Valley, a region full of biodiversity and located roughly 30km north east of Ziro. The flora and fauna here vary from silver fir trees to sub-tropical forests, as well as a variety of ferns,orchids,bamboo, and rhododendrons.
The Namdapha National Park is at the eastern most tip of India and the largest national park of India. It covers an area of 2000 sq. km, is in the stunning valley of the Noa-Dihing. Formed by tropical rain forests, this rugged terrain is of unbelievable biological diversity, boasts of more than a 1000 plant species, a diversity of animal species and over 500 bird species that is still climbing steeply. They include tigers, red pandas, bears, leopards, deer and flying squirrels.The park is home to myriad species of plants and animals, because of its distinctive geographic location.
Pasighat known as the ‘Gateway of Arunachal Pradesh’ is situated 155 metres above sea level. The place is a photographer’s delight for comprising extensive sceneries of nature. The Daying Ering Wild Life Sanctuary is a well known sanctuary of Pasighat as well as the meeting point of Lohit and Dihang rivers with the Brahmaputra.
Bhalukpong is popular as nature’s paradise, in West Kameng District in Arunachal Pradesh. The place is quite close to Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border. It is situated at 60 km north of Tezpur. Bhalukpong in A. P. is a compelling place for wildlife enthusiasts, hikers, rafters, nature lovers, adventurers and anglers.Tipi Orchidariurm nearby has over 2000 orchids varieties.
Anini is a town in the Dibang Valley District, in Arunachal Pradesh. A well known tourist destination, Anini remains lined with fog and mist throughout the year. It is at an elevation of around 1,968 metres above sea level. Anini is especially a miniature plateau. A visit to the gorgeous town amidst the north eastern Himalayas is an exciting experience. Villages like Angulin, Hunli, Roing, Arruju New Anaya and Ranli offer testimony of rich culture and heritage. Other notable places to go around the destination include Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary and Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary. The township of Anini is untouched by the hustle and bustle of cities and is set on the tribal hamlets that offer a chance to explore the tribal culture.
Along is located near Assam’s border. The valley is picturesque encircled by mountains with rivers flowing through them. The place has various attractions. Kane Wildlife Sanctuary, that is situated here, homes wild species like deer and elephants. The Hanging Bridge on stream Siang is created of cane and bamboo. The place is additionally popular for trekking, hiking and fishing. Except from these places Dirang, Tezu and Khonsa are also must-visit places of Arunachal Pradesh.
By Air: The nearest airport is Lilabari in Assam, fifty seven kms from Naharlagun and sixty seven kms from the capital, Itanagar. Direct flight to Tezpur in Assam from Kolkata, operated by Indian Airlines is on Wednesdays, Fridays and Sunday. Helicopter services have also been introduced.Pawan Hans Helicopters provides daily shuttle trips between Guwahati in Assam to Tawang.
Rail: The closest railway station is Harmuty (near Banderdewa check gate) in Assam only 23 km from Naharlagun & 33 km from Itanagar.
Road: Arunachal Pradesh State Transport Corporation operates regular bus-services to numerous places in Arunachal Pradesh and its neighbouring states.
Places to stay in Arunachal Pradesh include few mid-range hotels and budget accommodations, in Itanagar. The other towns like Tawang, Bhalukpong and Bomdila offer basic accommodation. All tourist spots have budget and semi-luxury hotels in the state. Accommodation choices like Circuit House and Government Tourist Lodge are popular among visitors. All the accommodation options will be either low or moderately priced. The sole place you can find 3-star hotels is in Itanagar, that too with restricted options.
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