Bihar is a state in eastern India. It’s the twelfth largest state in terms of geographical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 kms) and most inhabited state in India.The ancient name of Bihar was ‘Vihara’ meaning monastery. Among all Indian states, Bihar is the one most intimately joined to the Buddha’s life, leading to a path of pilgrimages that is referred to as the Buddhist circuit. The Buddha spent 5 years at Rajgir when having attained enlightenment, and plenty of the remains at Rajgir commemorate incidents associated with lifetime of Buddha, the hill of Gridhrakuta being perhaps the most important, as here the Buddha delivered most of his sermons.
The Flora and Fauna is enriched by the river Ganges that flows through Bihar. Bihar additionally has a vast forest that covers a vicinity of 6,746kms. Many languages are spoken here just like the Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi, Bajjika and Angika. The hallmark of the Biharis is a rustic simplicity with intrinsic humility including huge dignity. They are traditionally very hospitable to strangers.The capital of Bihar is Patna which was earlier known as Patliputra. Bihar became the epicentre of power, culture and learning underneath the greatest emperors of India , speifically Samudragupta, chandragupta Maurya, Vikramaditya and Ashoka. It was also home to the two nice centres of learning at that point, Vikramshila and Nalanda University. Even today we can find several ancient monuments everywhere in Bihar which are a working example of the states 3,000 year old history. These monuments are visited by millions and millions of tourists all over the world. The Mahabodhi Temple has been declared as heritage site by the UNESCO.
Most people travel to Bihar to go to the holy Buddhist circuit of Bodhgya, Rajgir, Nalanda and Vaishali with Patna as a transport hub, however there are a couple of unconventional destinations to urge your journey juices flowing.
Originally referred to as Pataliputra,Patna is among the foremost ancient cities in the world and the largest town in the Indian state of Bihar. Patna is the capital of Bihar and is on the banks of the Ganga River. It was referred to as the seat of learning throughout the Mauryan rule. Patna over the years has come up as a vital trade center in the country. In the year 2009, it ranked as the second best place in India for starting a business by the World Bank. Patna is also a notable pilgrimage center in India. It has some of the Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrim centers like; Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Nalanda, Vaishali and Pawapuri. The favored tourist Attractions in Patna are Kumhrar, Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb, Golghar, Patna Museum, Patna Planetarium and Qila House.
Bodh Gaya is the holiest of Buddhist destinations and a World Heritage Site. It’s the place where Gautama Buddha earned unexcelled, supreme Enlightenment. A simple shrine was built by the emperor Ashoka to mark the spot, later surrounded by a stone railing, a part of that still remains. On the back of the main temple located to the west there is an ancient pipal tree or Bodhi tree. It was underneath this tree that Gautama sat for enlightenment. The present tree is taken into account solely because the descendant of the initial tree.
The archaeological site of Nalanda is found reardingninety five kms south- east of Patna, well connected by rail and road. Nalanda was a notable Buddhist monastery and university. The region’s ancient history dates to the time of the Buddha and Mahavira (6th-5th cent. BCE). Nagarjuna it’s aforesaid, studied there. Excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) shows that the monasteries belong to the Gupta period, now considered the start of Nalanda University, where subjects like theology, grammar, logic, philosophy, metaphysics, astronomy, and medicine were studied. Excavations conducted by Archaeological Survey of India throughout 1915-37 and 1974-82 have exposed the intensive remains of six major brick temples and eleven monasteries organized on a scientific layout and spread over a vicinity of more than a square kilometre.
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Gaya is a town of ancient historical and mythological significance. It’s one of the foremost tourist attractions of Bihar. The city is the second largest city of Bihar, after Patna and is additionally the headquarters of Gaya district and Magadh division. Gaya is near the heart of those who follow Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Beliefs apart, the place is rich in natural beauty and architectural splendor. Gaya has a number of the most effective constructions that highlight the architectural brilliance of an era in the past. For foreign tourists, it simply is a transit purpose for Bodhgaya, 13km away. Your visit to the land with a rich cultural past can leave you with reminiscences to care for several years to come.
Rajgir, that means the abode of Gods, is fourteen kms from Nalanda. Rajgir is one in all the foremost necessary tourist places in India. It’s a city in Nalanda district about ninety three km southeast of Patna.The city was the capital of the mighty Magadha Empire throughout the period of Lord Buddha’s lifetime when Patliputra was not formed. Relics connected with the Jain and Buddhist religions are unearthed during archaeological excavations. Gautam Buddha is claimed to have spent several months in meditation on Gridhakut which implies Hill of Vultures. Mahavira spent about fourteen years of his life in Rajgir and its close regions.
Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) in Rajgir (Rajgriha), Bihar is one of the eighty Peace Pagodas constructed by the Japanese round the world. Built of white marble, this glorious pagoda is devoted to the eternal want of lasting World peace and a nuclear weapon free world. It is built on the tip of a hill called Gridhakuta (Gridha: Vulture, Kuta: Peak), where Lord Buddha had meditated for years. The ropeway is accustomed to reach the Vishwa Shanti Stupa. A ride on the ropeway provides superb views of the town the Shanti Stupa itself. The hot springs, famous for their medicinal values and religious value, are popular among tourists and pilgrims. The city is encircled by hills all around which give varied trekking opportunities. There are a couple of temples you’ll be able to visit just like the Maniyar Math is dedicated to Mani Naag, the local deity. There are some other places of interest within the city including Bimbisar’s Jail which was built by Ajatshatru to imprison his father.
The Mahabodhi Temple is one in all the earliest Buddhist temples built in brick that still survives till date. The Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya lies 115 km south of the metrropolis of Bihar, Patna and 16 km from the district headquarters at Gaya. It is one among the four holy sites associated to the life of the Lord Buddha, and much to the attainment of Enlightenment. The primary temple was constructed by Emperor Asoka in the third century B.C., and the present temple dates from the fifth or sixth centuries. Next to the Mahabodhi Temple is the Bodhi Tree, a descendent of the very tree underneath which the Buddha was enlightened, and the Jewel Walk marking the place where the Buddha is claimed to have practiced walking meditation for seven days after his enlightenment.
Referred to as ‘Jadu Ghar‘ in Hindi, Patna Museum is a well preserved museum in the country that connect the fantastic past with the new age. Established in the center of the city, the museum building homes splendid and huge assortment of artifacts of the periods belonging to Mauryan, Gupta, Sunga, Kushan, Mughals and British era. The museum boasts of few assortment that are unmatched elsewhere.
The Golghar is situated to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna, India is a granary built in 1786. When the vicious famine of 1770, that killed nearly ten million people within the region, Warren Hastings, the Governor-General of India at that time, ordered the development of this dome-shaped structure for the aim of storing grains for the British. However, it was Captain John Garstin, an engineer in the British East India Company who got it made. One can climb atop the Golghar through the 145 steps of its spiral steps round the monument. The stairs were designed to facilitate the passage of the coolies, who had to hold grain-bags up one flight, deliver their load through a hole at the top, and descend the opposite stairs. The top of the Golghar presents a beautiful bird’s eye view of town and the Ganga flowing close.
Vaishali was one of the earliest republics in the world (6th century BC). It absolutely was here that Buddha preached his last sermon. Vaishali, birthplace of Lord Mahavira is additionally sacred to Jains. Vaishali looked like a standard place coated with lush green mango and banana trees, however excavations unconcealed its rich and spectacular historical past. They tell us that King Vishal dominated once here with his might and power. It’s this place, that remained once the center for trade and business. One will witness on the outskirts of Vaishali, the presence of grand double storied Buddhist monastery. Buddha very often provided lectures and discourses.
The annual Sonepur Fair is an authentic rural fair that mixes spirituality with elephant, cattle, and horse trading. It takes place in late November, Hindu holy occasion of Karttika Purnima and continues for a month. Historically referred to as a cattle fair, the Sonepur Fair has now a more industrial focus with the aim of attracting each domestic and international tourists. Pilgrims take an early morning bath in the river. Street magicians, religious gurus, snack stalls, handicrafts, amusement rides, circus performers, and theater all produce a carnival like no other.
Bihar has 3 operational airports at Patna, Gaya Airport and Purnea Airport. The Patna airport is categorized as a restricted international airport, with customs facilities to receive international chartered flights. An outsized range of major and minor places at intervals the state are networked by train services of Indian Railways. Even the state is serviced by necessary super fast trains like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express. Intensive network of National Highways and State Highways interlink in Bihar helps travellers in reaching the place by roads. These highways connect Bihar to adjacent areas within and outside the state. Places like Gaya, Bhagalpur, rajgir, Purnia and different cities of the state are well connected and simply accessed by road. Buses, express buses, autos, carriages and taxis are popular local transport modes. There are plenty of choices for places to stay which swing from one extreme to another. Bihar offers a large variety of choices from luxury hotels to budget hotels, tourist lodges and guesthouses in this region.
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